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2021广西银行春季招聘考试模拟题(2月11日)

2021-02-11 09:53:04| 来源:广西中公银行招聘网

【练习题】

Passage 1

In the villages of the English countryside there are still people who remember the good old days when no one bothered to lock their doors. There simply wasn’t any crime to worry about.

Amazingly, these happy times appear still to be with us in the world’s biggest community. A new study by Dan Farmer, a gifted programmer, using an automated investigative program of his own called SATAN, shows that the owners of well over half of all World Wide Web sites have set up home without fitting locks to their doors.

SATAN can try out a variety of well-known hacking (黑客的) tricks on an Internet site without actually breaking in. Farmer has made the program publicly available, amid much criticism. A person with evil intent could use it to hunt down sites that are easy to burgle (闯入……行窃).

But Farmer is very concerned about the need to alert the public to poor security and, so far, events have proved him right. SATAN has done more to alert people to the risks than cause new disorder. So is the Net becoming more secure? Far from it. In the early days, when you visited a Web site your browser simply looked at the content. Now the Web is full of tiny programs that automatically download when you look at a Web page, and run on your own machine. These programs could, if their authors wished, do all kinds of nasty things to your computer.

At the same time, the Net is increasingly populated with spiders, worms, agents and other types of automated beasts designed to penetrate the sites and seek out and classify information. All these make wonderful tools for antisocial people who want to invade weak sites and cause damage.

But let’s look on the bright side. Given the lack of locks, the Internet is surely the world’s biggest (almost) crime-free society. Maybe that is because hackers are fundamentally honest. Or that there currently isn’t much to steal. Or because vandalism (恶意破坏) isn’t much fun unless you have a peculiar dislike for someone.

Whatever the reason, let’s enjoy it while we can. But expect it all to change, and security to become the number one issue, when the most influential inhabitants of the Net are selling services they want to be paid for.

1. By saying “... owners of well over half of all World Wide Web sites have set up home without fitting locks to their doors” (Lines 3-4, Para. 2), the author means that ______.

A. those happy times appear still to be with us

B. there simply wasn’t any crime to worry about

C. many sites are not well-protected

D. hackers try out tricks on an Internet site without actually breaking in

2. SATAN, a program designed by Dan Farmer can be used ______.

A. to investigate the security of Internet sites

B. to improve the security of the Internet system

C. to prevent hackers from breaking into websites

D. to download useful programs and information

3. Farmer’s program has been criticized by the public because ______.

A. it causes damage to Net browsers

B. it can break into Internet sites

C. it can be used to cause disorder on all sites

D. it can be used by people with evil intent

4. The author’s attitude toward SATAN is ______.

A. enthusiastic B. critical C. positive D. indifferent

5. The author suggests in the last paragraph that ______.

A. we should make full use of the Internet before security measures are strengthened

B. we should alert the most influential businessmen to the importance of security

C. influential businessmen should give priority to the improvement of Net security

D. net inhabitants should not let security measures affect their joy of surfing the

 

【参考答案】

1.【答案】C。解析:语义理解题。题目询问作者说这句话的意思是什么。根据第二段第一句“Amazingly, these happy times appear still to be with us in the world’s biggest community (令人惊讶的是,那些快乐的时光似乎还存在于世界上最大的社区)”,作者是以讽刺的语气说到网络问题的。在文章第二段最后一句中,作者用了一个暗喻,将World Wide Web sites比喻成home,以此说明网络没有受到很好的保护。从全文来看,作者希望大家注意到网络安全问题,所以答案应是C。

2.【答案】A。解析:细节题。根据题干关键词SATAN定位到文章第二段..., using an automated investigative program of his own called SATAN, shows that the owners of well over half of all World Wide Web sites have set up home without fitting locks to their doors.,根据an automated investigative program可知SATAN是一款调研程序,再结合后面的说明可知,这款程序能够检测网站是否有安全性措施。故正确答案为A。

3.【答案】D。解析:推断题。根据题干关键词Farmer’s program及顺序原则定位至文章第三段和第四段,这两段重点说明了该程序的作用及弊端,但是并没有提到会破坏浏览器,所以A项首先排除。根据第三段第一句SATAN can try out a variety of well-known hacking (黑客的) tricks on an Internet site without actually breaking in.可知,这款程序并不会真的强行进入网站,所以B项不对;C选项on all sites过于绝对,原文并未体现,且根据文章第四段第二句SATAN has done more to alert people to the risks than cause new disorder.可知这款程序更多的是警告网民网站安全风险,而不是产生新的网络安全问题;根据文章第三段Farmer has made the program publicly available, amid much criticism. A person with evil intent could use it to hunt down sites that are easy to burgle.可知这款程序是公共可用的,也就可能会被恶意利用,D项表述与此一致。综合分析,只有D项符合题意。

4.【答案】C。解析:细节题。题目询问作者对待SATAN的态度。根据文章第四段首句“But Farmer is very concerned about the need to alert the public to poor security and, so far, events have proved him right.”可知,事实证明他是正确的(events have proved him right),我们发现作者认同他的观点,因此持有肯定态度,故答案选择C。

5.【答案】C。解析:主旨题。本题的实质是要我们概括最后一段的大意。在这一段开始作者讲,不管是什么原因(使网络成为世界是最大的几乎没有犯罪的社区),让我们尽情地享受它。其后作者用but转换了语气,提出建议和希望,这部分才是这一段的主旨,即:当最具影响力的网络用户正在出售他们想要付费的服务时,预计这一切都会改变,安全将成为头号问题。据此判断,选项C是正确答案。

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